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Science & social responsibility in public health

Epidemiologists and environmental health researchers have a joint responsibility to acquire scientific knowledge that matters to public health and to apply the knowledge gained in public health practice. We examine the nature and source of these social responsibilities, discuss a debate in the epidemiological literature on roles and responsibilities, and cite approaches to environmental justice as reflective of them. At one level, responsibility refers to accountability, as in being responsible for actions taken. A deeper meaning of responsibility corresponds to commitment to the pursuit and achievement of a valued end

Public health ethics is on the map. In the past year, bioethicists and public health practitioners have begun to focus their critical attention on this complex and understudied topic. Much remains to be done. Childress et al. (2002), for example, describe their account of public health ethics as a rough conceptual map of a terrain with undefined boundaries.

Our focus will be on the responsibilities of epidemiologists, a choice made for several compelling reasons. Epidemiology sits at the center of the science and practice of environmental health, and more generally, at the center of public health. Although it is often referred to as a basic science of public health, epidemiology connects the acquisition of scientific knowledge with its application in preventive interventions, programs, and policies. This connection suggests a fundamental question: What are our responsibilities as epidemiologists? Do we, for example, have a joint responsibility to participate in science and to apply the knowledge gained? This is a key concern for us as researchers, health professionals, and as teachers.

The social responsibility of public health professionals is but one of many concerns in the broader picture of public health ethics. It is nevertheless a central concern. As Ogletree (1996) reminds us, responsibility is a concept particularly well suited to flame many key aspects of the ethics of professions faced with making decisions and taking actions in complex situations. These decisions often involve advanced technologies, high levels of specialization, and overlapping areas of expertise and concern among decision makers from diverse educational, political, and social backgrounds, precisely the situation in contemporary epidemiology and public health. In sum, responsibility organizes many (although not all) of public health’s ethical issues in terms appropriate for professional practitioners.

Responsibility has a deeper meaning as well, corresponding to commitment. To be responsible means to be committed to someone or to some thing. Being responsible in this deeper sense involves a commitment to positive action, to the pursuit and achievement of something of value, such as a social good (Jonas 1984). We will return to the notion of social goods in public health. For now, we want to emphasize that responsibility focuses attention on professional commitments

Finally, our inquiry is intended to assist all public health researchers who seek to define their social responsibilities. For those who are involved primarily in environmental health research, we can think of at least two connected and current topics–environmental justice and community-based participatory research.

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Computer Information Technology-What It Is & Why Is It Important

For example, computer information technology is often used to describe:
Computer hardware
Computer servers
Computer networks and networking equipment
Computer monitors
Software and operating systems
Printers
Copy machines
Fax machines
Office phone systems
Internet systems
Cell phones
Many additional types of technology and data management equipmentIT also represents the how all of these systems are used and how they inter-relate to one another at the same time.

In the Workplace: The IT Department

While it is not necessarily a rule, more often than not these days, a business’s IT department will typically manage all of the office’s technology needs, including everything from the procurement of computer and technology equipment to the installation and ongoing maintenance of the systems. In the modern data centered workplace environment we’ve come to expect today, ensuring the computer information technology backbone is operating effectively and efficiently has become absolutely mandatory to running a successful business or workplace operation.

Why Is Computer Information Technology So Important?

IT has become the lifeblood of how business is done. As our world continues to adapt more and more towards an information based society, managing the stream and storage of data and making access to data more and more reliable and easy to use is not just important from a profit standpoint alone-we’ve actually come to totally depend on technology 100% to make business possible.

In this type of environment, ensuring that every small “slice of the pie” operates and performs as it should is essential. Think of it much like setting up a chain of dominoes-if one piece of an organization’s technology system goes down, it is certainly going to have an entire chain of cause and effect throughout the entire organization.

Information technology is so important because it requires thoughtful and knowledgeable planning and development to create sophisticated systems that work seamlessly with each other to produce an end result of transparent functionality that we rely on. It’s almost like one of those things that we’ve just gotten used to-we’ve come to expect it to work flawlessly all of the time, only noticing it when something goes wrong.

This kind of operational transparency is usually the main goal of IT professionals. Making sure that data and technology systems work properly and dependably enables others to perform their duties without a hitch. Qualified IT professionals are always in high demand and generally well compensated for the services they provide.

It’s safe to say that computer information technology really is what makes the world of technology go ’round!

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Benefits Of Fax Over IP Technology In Small Businesses

Voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) technology has become standard in many offices and storefronts. It provides higher bandwidth and better capabilities than traditional phone lines. Faxing has changed because of the introduction of VoIP technology. Traditional fax machines that used modulated sound to transmit data are being replaced by software-based digital systems. Small businesses can benefit in a number of ways by switching to fax over IP technology.

Reliability

One of the ways fax over IP can help a small business is by improving the reliability of transmissions. Traditional faxes rely on signal modulation to send and receive data. Inconsistencies in the telephone lines, minor hardware issues and even different fax machines can cause these transmissions to fail or to become corrupted. The fax over IP technology is digital and the data has a very low to non-existent chance of loss. This makes digital faxes far more reliable.

Lower Costs

Fax over VoIP will save small businesses money over traditional faxing technologies. VoIP protocols can be sent across any network line. They can also be interpreted by a wide range of technologies from computers to multifunction printers and even mobile devices. This makes it unnecessary to maintain dedicated phone lines. It also decouples faxing from older fax machines that require constant maintenance, paper and toner.

Environmentally Friendly

Sending fax over VOIP in a network through a line can be done completely electronically. Small businesses do not need to feed a paper printout of an invoice or report into a machine. Similarly, faxes that have been received do not need to be printed immediately or at all. Sending and receiving faxes can be done through a software interface. Faxes can be sent and received as digital files that are viewed on computer screens or mobile devices. This allows a small business to be more environmentally friendly without having to sacrifice the convenience of faxing.

Better Access for Employees

The traditional way of sending faxes involved loading a machine, dialing a number and then waiting for a confirmation. This is time consuming and inefficient especially when multiple people need to send a fax. Fax over IP technology makes it possible for employees to send faxes seamlessly from a desktop or other device. The fax can be added as a network device similar to a printer. Employees can simply send documents to the fax from within different programs.

Higher Quality Faxes

A large benefit for modern businesses is higher quality faxes. Fax over IP can encode documents created digitally. There are no scanning or resolution issues. People who receive the fax will see the document exactly as it was created. This can make it easier to send documents that include detailed charts, small graphics or complex illustrations. The individual pixel will not run together and become illegible because of issues with an optical scanner at the last minute.

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The Law of Attraction and The Science of Getting Rich

The Law of Attraction reveals the Secret to Everything you’ve ever wanted. Ever since the world found out about the Law of Attraction through the phenomenon of the movie, people from every corner of the globe have been asking Bob Proctor for more. Millions of people are already using the Law of Attraction to make their lives successful. It’s no longer a secret, but a household term that is rightfully being given the attention it deserves. Anybody can learn how to use the “Law of Attraction” to create whatever one wants in life – be it money, love or happiness – and generate abundance.

Everything that’s coming into your life you are attracting into your life. And it’s attracted by virtue of the images you’re holding in your mind. It’s what you’re thinking. Whatever is going on in your mind you are attracting to you. If you don’t like the results in your life, you need to change your thoughts. That’s ALL that the Law of Attraction is about. But If the Law of Attraction is as simple as that, why arent more people wealthy, even gratified about the state their lives are in?

The Answer is a Simple One. There is an Exact Science to Applying the Law of Attraction to Build the Life You Seek. This Exact Science is called The Science of Getting Rich. The Law of Attraction as explained in “The Secret” movie, and even in much greater detail in The Science of Getting Rich Program, will teach you whatever it is that you may want or need to manifest in your life.

The Science of Getting Rich was first introduced in 1910 when Wallace D. Wattles released his book by the same title that was the inspiration for the film “The Secret”. What is the Science of Getting Rich about? Well in the words of Wallace D. Wattles, “The ownership of money and property comes as a result of doing things in a certain way. Those who do things in this certain way, whether on purpose or accidentally, get rich. Therefore, any man or woman who learns how to do things in this certain way will eventually get rich.” The Secret Science of Getting Rich Seminar is all about teaching you how to do things in this “certain” way to create wealth.

In the Science of Getting Rich seminar – Bob Proctor and Jack Canfield, two of the teachers in the secret, will personally guide you to develop the mind-set of the wealthy. Bob Proctor and Jack Canfield have taken this Science into a Whole New Era. This is What everybody have been Waiting for, Exact Instruction on How To Work with The Law of Attraction! Anybody can now start from today to replace what you don’t want by Attracting what you DO WANT. Here is now a step-by-step instructions showing you how to begin applying the Law of Attraction in your daily life — How to move beyond the theory into action.

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Kaplan University or college On line Wellbeing Sciences Degree

Kaplan University School regarding Health Sciences features on line wellness sciences levels with associate, bachelor’s, along with get better at degree levels. Their own School regarding Wellness Sciences can pave your approach to the rewarding profession throughout a number of the biggest growing as well as flexible careers in the present health treatment industry. Their own on the internet diploma applications are designed in order to supply a good as well as well rounded training to you personally therefore which you will probably be capable to help others in the wellness care industry about school. For those who keep up together with the wellbeing headlines, an individual currently realize that Numerous wellness care procedure is actually changing each day. Long term medical and health professionals ought to be able to take care of complicated scenarios along with new technology, financial aspects, fund, as well as policies. Kaplan’s bachelor’s diploma inside well being sciences can give an individual using a solid foundation in the wellness care operations area and a master’s diploma throughout well being care administration may put an individual in a place pertaining to leadership and management jobs. Kaplan University’s educators tend to be experts in their discipline together with practical experience, making certain that you simply find essentially the most as much as date training from fantastic mentors.

Online degrees within this discipline supply lots of freedom for the reason that associated with all the career walkways out there. Some contain medical, clinic administration, and even functioning inside a physician’s workplace. According to the united states Bureau at work Statistics, careers within the wellness treatment industry tend to be stated to enhance Twenty-two percent in order to 2016, which can be doubly considerably since average for some other professions. Current salaries for these specialists is $57,1000 to be able to $250,500!

In case defending and also helping the wellbeing of a lot of people is the passion, look at earning your own on line well being sciences diploma. The on line degree might be the most beneficial option for you personally in case you are a functioning college student as well as mother or father who doesn’t need to compromise period on function to return to college. Online diplomas are hassle-free since you may entry your courses with just about any laptop or computer for those who feel simplest.

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Sensata Technologies Introduces Advanced Auto Seat Sensors

Sensata Technologies earlier demonstrated various approaches regarding auto occupant sensing. The demonstration is also aimed at helping engineers design seat belt alert systems that are more precise in order to offer an improved level of consumer safety and convenience.

The company, which was previously called the Sensors & Controls business of Texas Instruments, showed its new pride which is called as the piezo electric sensor. It also flaunted the current Monocrystalline Silicon Strain Gauge (MSG) force sensor. The sensors gave engineers a range of design options and they make new seat belt alert systems more dependable and ‘consumer friendly.’ The sensors also showcase an edge that could boost air bag classification systems.

The new piezo electric sensor is deemed the solution to the traditional weight. The problem occurs when detection systems get confused about differentiating between a person or a heavy object such as a box, bag of groceries, and the like thus creating irritating false seat belt alerts. A piezo electric wire, which is mated to a pad that is easily mounted under the seat cushion to deliver input to an electronic module, senses the frequency response of a human. As such, it can determine the relative position of the passenger.

“Consumers will use seat belt alerts that accurately determine if a passenger is really in the car. A box or laptop bag won’t annoy them anymore because the system thinks it’s a person,” said Michael Mainvielle, the market segment manager at Sensata Technologies.

The Sensata piezo sensor is engineered to be conveniently integrated into a variety of seat structures, including A- or B-surface mounting. It also accommodates all seat covering options including ventilated seats. Additionally, a three-position sensor is made available for rear seats. The sensor also is designed to complement the overall performance of the vehicle without compromising safety and ergonomics. Moreover, auto parts like the airbags, seatbelts and Banks power will be complemented well by the said technology.

Due to the sensor’s ability to correctly measure weight and passenger position, the new technology from the manufacturer is also being considered for use with new Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 208 classification airbag deployment systems. The sensors are expected to provide a single, integrated solution for two significant consumer safety concerns.

The Monocrystalline Silicon Strain Gauge Pressure (MSG) Occupant Weight Sensor (OWS) that uses a silicon MEMS strain gauge element glass bonded to a stainless steel diaphragm. Four MSG sensors could be conveniently mounted within the seat structure to make accurate weight measures for safe airbag deployment and compliance to the FMVSS208. The sensors are available in a wide variety of designs including an axial or flange rigid sensor, a rigid sensor with a Stress Reduction Component (SRC); or an SRC at flange center style. These options from Sensata Technologies offer designers a plethora of styling and mounting flexibility.

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Ideas For Science Fair Electricity Projects

Science Fair Electricity

In the 21st century those citizens of developed nations often take for granted their access to electricity. We all simply flip a switch and have all manner of electrical gadgets at our disposal. In the last couple of decades these opportunities have grown to include communications across the globe via the Internet. All of this is possible due to our access to electricity and other forms of power. While this has been around over 100 years now, science fair electricity projects are still some of the favorites for students. Many of us who use electricity every day have no idea how or why this works. We are clueless about the science of protons, electrons, and neutrons while reaping their benefits on a daily basis. Students who choose science fair electricity projects are not among the uneducated! They are some of the brightest students who are able to understand the invisible processes required to make the light bulb come on when the switch is flipped up and go off when it is flipped down.

Science fair electricity demonstrations are some of the most interesting at the event. While some projects involve computer graphics or visual representations of the processes that the student has studied, science fair electricity allows for hands on experience. Students who make presentations for science fair electricity events can give live demonstrations of the nature of their subject. There will be groups of students and parents gathered around for a chance to participate in these experiments. All spectators will want to place their hand on the static electricity ball just so their hair will go flying in all directions. Other braver spectators will volunteer to touch their tongue to a potato that they are sure will not shock them. This is always a great crowd pleaser when students get their parents and teachers to volunteer for mild but unpleasant shock!

While all science fair projects hold interest, the science fair electricity projects are definitely the liveliest! Students can use sensation, light and sound to demonstrate their science fair electricity project findings. Students, teachers and parents alike will leave the event with a greater understanding of the properties of electricity by learning the concepts in hands on, or tongue on, fashion!

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Volcano Science Projectextreme

Everyone has heard of the classic volcano science project using vinegar, baking soda, and a little bit of red food coloring. This little experiment, however, is a little more extreme, and a little more realistic (do not worry, it is not actually dangerous!). This guide will teach you how to create a volcano project that really erupts with some force.
Unfortunately, the fake lava is not going to be quite so realistically red, but sometimes compromise means sacrifices! Here we go:
Gather your building supplies. For this project, you are going to need to start with a volcano. A prepackaged paper mache kit is recommended. Next, you need a two-liter bottle of diet cola. Use your paper mache kit to build a mountainous, volcanic structure around the bottle, leaving a hole at the top large enough to facilitate opening the soda bottle. Give your paper mache plenty of time to dry before you attempt the next step, or else you will end up with a sticky mess on your hands.
Paint your volcano. This is where you can get pretty creative, even though most volcanic mountains look pretty much the same. You can go for the standard black and brown color of rocks and dirt, or you can get a little artsy. Why not make a tie-dye themed volcano? It is just a science experiment, and science should be fun! After applying your paint, make sure that it is completely dry before you begin the next stage: Explosion!
Now it is time to add the trigger to the equation. Go to your local convenience store and buy a roll of mint Mentos. It is very important that you buy these in particular, as nothing else will work correctly.
Ready your presentation in a clear, outdoor space (trust me; you do not want this volcano erupting indoors!). Carefully take the cap off your diet cola, which, if you have followed directions, should be housed securely in your paper mache volcano. Commence with a dramatic countdown, and at its conclusion, drop a couple of the Mentos into the cola.
ERUPTION!
This is a fun experiment to do at school or at home, but if you are planning to attempt it, there are a few safety precautions to take. The reaction of the cola to the mints is very strong, and you definitely do not want to put your face near the opening of the soda bottle for the initial eruption. It is recommended that you wear goggles or some type of protective eyewear if you are going to be the one tossing the mints in the soda. Other than that, enjoy the spectacle!

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Top Benefits Of Technology Blogs

Blogs are sprouting more fastened than Websites are being established in the Internet. This is mainly because of the several advantages that these have over the more advanced Websites. Even so, although blogs of distinct genre go along to increase, those centering on technology have get even more pleasing by people who do not need to be left behind in the most former Engineering developments. Here are the reasons why many look up to technology Blogs.

Compared to Websites, sustaining Blogs are way much more inexpensive. In fact, there are Websites where Blogging is suited free. For those who like to discuss points on technology without being annoyed with cost, Blogging is for sure the option. Technology Blogs are gentler to navigate. These conceive the fact that not all the people who are concerned in technology are Internet-savvy. Some just need information concerning the most former electronic devices. Many as well prefer to get the information they require without going by so many Web pages.

Blogs on technology get in info in the non-techie’s Language. In fact, these discusses technology on a more intimate and Personal manner. These do not panic or confuse people with very engineering or scientific terms. Technology Blogs are for sure interactive. These are not locales for one-way communication just like most Websites. Rather, these make sure that readers can also present their ideas or comments on the articles and other information on technology. This can be great source of net income for the Blogger. Since people who interpret technology Blogs are certainly concerned in communication and electronic devices, makers of such items will certainly find it beneficial if they can post their advertisements on those blogs.

Blogs focusing on technology are the great venues for sharing info on the most latest updates in the area of Electronics Engineering. People from various parts of the world can very easily access these so it builds the info sharing even extensive reaching. Technology Blogs can be utilized to monitor the costs of appliances and devises worldwide. By these, people can see the variation of prices. These offer them options on where to purchase such items at low costs.

These can help Electronic device users in doing repairs and maintenance. Sometimes, makers simply do not offer effective Customer services. Luckily, there are Blogs that come out on regular with DIY articles on enhancing or repairing technological devices. In several cases, these Blogs have been utilized as hosts for individual reviews on technological products. Since dealers or manufacturers do not run and own these, one can anticipate these to be more impersonal in judging the products. Technology Blogs usually provide tips on the suitable use of many electronic devices and appliances.

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Sony Ericsson G900 A Phone With Latest Technology And Innovative Style

The new, stylish Sony Ericsson G900 is a slim, stylish and trendy 3G Smart phone which is actually a member of the Sony Ericsson G range. Sony Ericsson G900 is a very amazing mobile phone. All of its niche features have very unique kinds of characteristics. It has a very astounding camera features, which include a 5 mega pixels camera with auto focus, 3 x Digital Zoom, photo light, photo fix along with image stabiliser and Red Eye Reduction. It also has video recorder, video light, video stabiliser, video player, video clip, video streaming with 3G video calling with picture wall paper.

The compact 3G Smart phone comes with as usual a Symbian Operating system which is an open operating system for every mobile smart phone range, which allows its users to download new applications on their smart phone easily.

This phone’s organiser menu is really very large as it serves its users with utmost technology. Organiser menu contains phone book, alarm clock, calculator, calendar, tasks, timer, stop watch, notes, Flight mode, Speaker phone, vibrating alert, Symbian OS technology, Document Editor, Document Reader with phenomenal Handwriting Recognition and Touch screen controls.

It has the option for Internet as well. Internet network comes in four different marvellous ways, they are: Opera Web Browser, WAP 2.0 XHTML, WAP 1.2.1 and Web Feeds.

It also has very innovative kind of connectivity options, they are– as this phone is called 3G Smart phone –3G connectivity with WLAN Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and USB Cable port. It also has network connections of Tri Band Technology, Tri Band Technology has GSM 900, GSM 1800 and GSM 1900 with UMTS 2100.

This mobile phone has a very fascinating kind of built-in media player which allows its users to playback music and video files. The user can enjoy high quality sound as it has very good kind of clarity in its sound section. Sound section has media player, album art, FM Radio RDS, Polyphonic ring tones, MP3 and AAC Ring tones, Mega bass, Track ID, Play Now and Bluetooth Stereo(A2DP).